How to Take Awesome Photos

  1. How to Take Awesome Photos, Set Up Your Workspace: crwdns2935265:01crwdnd2935265:01crwdnd2935265:03crwdne2935265:0 How to Take Awesome Photos, Set Up Your Workspace: crwdns2935265:01crwdnd2935265:02crwdnd2935265:03crwdne2935265:0 How to Take Awesome Photos, Set Up Your Workspace: crwdns2935265:01crwdnd2935265:03crwdnd2935265:03crwdne2935265:0
    • Find a clutter-free table or flat workspace.

    • Try to minimize ambient light. A table by a window can have varying light conditions throughout the day, resulting in inconsistent photos and, if you are a vampire, possible death.

    • Use a clean white background. Inexpensive matte poster board or butcher paper works best. Avoid using bedsheets.

    • Use two lamps, one on each side.

    • Use LED “daylight” bulbs, or bulbs in the 5000-5500K color temperature range, for a clean white light. Avoid household incandescent bulbs, which cast an ugly orange glow over your photos.

    • Use a tripod. For crisp, clear shots, you need to keep the camera rock steady.

  2. How to Take Awesome Photos, Set Up Your Camera: crwdns2935265:02crwdnd2935265:01crwdnd2935265:03crwdne2935265:0 How to Take Awesome Photos, Set Up Your Camera: crwdns2935265:02crwdnd2935265:02crwdnd2935265:03crwdne2935265:0 How to Take Awesome Photos, Set Up Your Camera: crwdns2935265:02crwdnd2935265:03crwdnd2935265:03crwdne2935265:0
    • Don’t use flash! Flash is the enemy.

    • Use the highest resolution setting. We love large photos!

    • Shoot in 4:3. Most point-and-shoot cameras use a 4:3 aspect ratio automatically, while DSLRs shoot in 3:2.

    • It may be tempting, but don't rotate the camera to take portrait shots. For layout consistency, we require all photos to have a landscape 4:3 aspect ratio.

    • You can always crop your photos to 4:3 later, but it will save you a little time if you capture your images in 4:3 to begin with.

    • Shoot in aperture priority mode, and boost the exposure compensation. Auto mode does a decent enough job, but your light background will likely cause your photos to come out a bit dark. For best results, use aperture mode (usually denoted by an A or Av) and set the exposure compensation to around +1.

  3. How to Take Awesome Photos: crwdns2935265:03crwdnd2935265:01crwdnd2935265:01crwdne2935265:0
    • Use a delay timer or remote. Believe it or not, just having your shaky hands on the camera can introduce a little blurriness into the shot. Set your camera to a short (1 or 2 second) delay, using the self-timer setting, so that you can remove your hands completely after pressing the shutter button.

    • Connect to a laptop or live monitor. Checking your shots at full size will help you correct issues early, before they become a problem. Use a camera cable, or take a few shots and then pop the memory card into your computer.

  4. How to Take Awesome Photos, Take Some Test Shots: crwdns2935265:04crwdnd2935265:01crwdnd2935265:02crwdne2935265:0 How to Take Awesome Photos, Take Some Test Shots: crwdns2935265:04crwdnd2935265:02crwdnd2935265:02crwdne2935265:0
    • You're ready to start shooting! Photos, that is.

    • Take a couple photos and pull them up on your computer screen to see how they look. Common issues include:

    • Harsh shadows—Too much light from a single source will create harsh shadows and make details harder to see. Reposition your lights or add more lights to minimize shadows.

    • Glare—Bright lights sometimes create a spotlight effect, especially on screens and shiny surfaces. Reposition your lights and/or angle the device to eliminate glare.

  5. How to Take Awesome Photos: crwdns2935265:05crwdnd2935265:01crwdnd2935265:02crwdne2935265:0 How to Take Awesome Photos: crwdns2935265:05crwdnd2935265:02crwdnd2935265:02crwdne2935265:0
    • Another common issue is white balance, which tells your camera what true white is in your photo.

    • Sometimes the auto white balance doesn't work properly. If your "whites" don't look white, try a manual setting.

    • For daylight bulbs, use your camera’s “daylight” or “fluorescent” white balance setting. If you must use incandescent bulbs, set the white balance to “incandescent” or “tungsten” (sometimes called “indoor”). This will help remove the orange hue from your photos.

    • Some cameras have a custom white balance feature, allowing you to define “white” by taking a shot of your nice white background.

    • It's also possible to correct white balance after the fact, using photo editing software such as Photoshop—but it's much more time-intensive than setting up the camera correctly.

  6. How to Take Awesome Photos: crwdns2935265:06crwdnd2935265:01crwdnd2935265:01crwdne2935265:0
    • Before you proceed, clear a separate workspace for disassembling your device. Working in the photo area will create a lot of unwanted clutter, complicating your photos—and any dirty parts will mar your white background.

    • Only switch to your photo table when you're ready to set up a shot.

  7. How to Take Awesome Photos, Practice Your Technique: crwdns2935265:07crwdnd2935265:01crwdnd2935265:02crwdne2935265:0 How to Take Awesome Photos, Practice Your Technique: crwdns2935265:07crwdnd2935265:02crwdnd2935265:02crwdne2935265:0
    • Use your hands/tools in each shot to demonstrate the action being performed.

    • Shoot in a first-person perspective. Try to set up each shot so that it matches what your readers will see.

    • This first image isn't necessarily bad; the photo is well-lit, free of clutter, and the required action is clear—but the image isn't from the user's perspective.

    • The second image does all of that equally well, and also matches what the reader is likely to see.

  8. How to Take Awesome Photos: crwdns2935265:08crwdnd2935265:01crwdnd2935265:02crwdne2935265:0 How to Take Awesome Photos: crwdns2935265:08crwdnd2935265:02crwdnd2935265:02crwdne2935265:0
    • Fill up the frame with the subject. In this photo, the subject is too far away, using up only a small part of the frame.

    • Try not to let your arms or hands dominate the view. Work with your teammates to avoid taking shots like this one!

    • If you're working alone, you can use the camera's delay timer to free up your hands.

  9. How to Take Awesome Photos, Teamwork!: crwdns2935265:09crwdnd2935265:01crwdnd2935265:02crwdne2935265:0 How to Take Awesome Photos, Teamwork!: crwdns2935265:09crwdnd2935265:02crwdnd2935265:02crwdne2935265:0
    • Getting great guide photos is a group effort! Important roles include:

    • Camera Operator—Not for the faint of heart, this job requires patience, a little technical skill, and an eye for detail. Opposable thumbs are a plus.

    • Lighting Operator—Requires attentiveness and near immunity to heat. Must be trusted to wield the power of blinding light responsibly; anyone who owns a laser pointer should be instantly disqualified.

    • Hand Model—Someone to hold parts and tools completely still from awkward, sometimes precariously balanced positions. If any of your friends are gymnasts or Twister champions, this job is for them. Barring that, look for someone with clean fingernails, who doesn’t write phone numbers on their hands.

    • Note Taker—A master scribe, whose eye sees all.

  10. How to Take Awesome Photos: crwdns2935265:010crwdnd2935265:01crwdnd2935265:02crwdne2935265:0 How to Take Awesome Photos: crwdns2935265:010crwdnd2935265:02crwdnd2935265:02crwdne2935265:0
    • Keep the action in the center. Draw attention to the required procedure by centering it in the frame.

    • It's okay to show a little less of the device in order to center the action; just be sure that it is clear what part of the device you are working on.

  11. How to Take Awesome Photos: crwdns2935265:011crwdnd2935265:01crwdnd2935265:02crwdne2935265:0 How to Take Awesome Photos: crwdns2935265:011crwdnd2935265:02crwdnd2935265:02crwdne2935265:0
    • Keep the subject in focus. It's easy to accidentally focus on your hand instead of the device you're working on.

    • On many point-and-shoot cameras, you can lock the focus by holding the shutter button halfway down. Set up your shot, lock the focus, and then move your hand into position. To complete the shot, press the shutter button the rest of the way down.

    • If none of your photo is in focus, it's often due to too much movement from the camera or the device. Remember to use a tripod and delay timer to keep the camera steady, hold your hands still, and try again. Adding plenty of light will also allow for a faster shutter speed, which helps reduce or eliminate blurriness.

  12. How to Take Awesome Photos: crwdns2935265:012crwdnd2935265:01crwdnd2935265:02crwdne2935265:0 How to Take Awesome Photos: crwdns2935265:012crwdnd2935265:02crwdnd2935265:02crwdne2935265:0
    • Take multiple shots for each step. Try different angles and positions, and use the one that best conveys what the reader needs to do.

    • It's easy to block the action with your hands. Switch hands or change positions in order to give your readers a better look at what's going on.

  13. How to Take Awesome Photos: crwdns2935265:013crwdnd2935265:01crwdnd2935265:03crwdne2935265:0 How to Take Awesome Photos: crwdns2935265:013crwdnd2935265:02crwdnd2935265:03crwdne2935265:0 How to Take Awesome Photos: crwdns2935265:013crwdnd2935265:03crwdnd2935265:03crwdne2935265:0
    • Zoom in to get detailed shots of actions, especially when performing smaller or more intricate tasks.

    • If you zoom in too far, your readers may lose track of what they're looking at. Try to leave enough reference points in the photo so that readers can orient themselves.

    • In this example, the black "bullet" chamber is a good reference point. Without it, the action is still clear, but the location is not.

    • For very close shots, your camera may have trouble focusing. Switch to Macro mode (usually denoted by a flower icon) for extreme close-ups.

  14. How to Take Awesome Photos: crwdns2935265:014crwdnd2935265:01crwdnd2935265:03crwdne2935265:0 How to Take Awesome Photos: crwdns2935265:014crwdnd2935265:02crwdnd2935265:03crwdne2935265:0 How to Take Awesome Photos: crwdns2935265:014crwdnd2935265:03crwdnd2935265:03crwdne2935265:0
    • Don't use metal prying tools in your guides except as a last resort.

    • The nylon spudger and plastic opening tools included in your toolkit are ESD-safe and are less likely to cause cosmetic damage.

    • Only instruct your readers to use a metal spudger when safer tools aren't up to the task. Never use a screwdriver to pry open your device.

  15. How to Take Awesome Photos: crwdns2935265:015crwdnd2935265:01crwdnd2935265:03crwdne2935265:0 How to Take Awesome Photos: crwdns2935265:015crwdnd2935265:02crwdnd2935265:03crwdne2935265:0 How to Take Awesome Photos: crwdns2935265:015crwdnd2935265:03crwdnd2935265:03crwdne2935265:0
    • For complex actions, use multiple photos in sequence. You can create a "stop-motion" or "flip-book" effect, using up to three photos in one step.

  16. How to Take Awesome Photos: crwdns2935265:016crwdnd2935265:01crwdnd2935265:01crwdne2935265:0
    • Avoid "Ta-Da!" photos. When writing instructions, it's important to be concise. A photo of a disassembled device doesn't convey any action or procedure.

    • Layout shots like this are often used on teardowns. Teardowns provide a fun first look at a device's hardware, but they are not intended to be used as instructions.



Jeff Suovanen


417.948 crwdns2915208:0crwdne2915208:0



iFixit crwdns2935289:0iFixitcrwdne2935289:0





Thanks, that highlighted the process well, and i'm actually excited about doing my own shoots!

chris teter - crwdns2934203:0crwdne2934203:0

Thanks for sharing these tips, I would like to make some of these in the future.


Mauricio Gloria - crwdns2934203:0crwdne2934203:0

I’m planning on getting a 3 lamps setup, using 2 smaller lamps from above coming at a 45 degrees angle, and a bigger lamp coming from behind myself. How much wattage should my bulbs be?

I will grab

2x E14 5500K

1x E27 5500K


Ruben Debbaudt - crwdns2934203:0crwdne2934203:0

Brilliant !!! Educational hope for future generations. Thank you

kaz gibbs - crwdns2934203:0crwdne2934203:0



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