Background and Identification
Spectrometers are devices used for recording and measuring spectra, usually as a means for analysis. The device functions by passing electromagnetic waves through the sample being analyzed and the resulting spectral components measured. Varying frequencies will refract differently through substances depending on the substance’s makeup, producing novel spectral lines for different compositions. By passing a wide range of frequencies through the substance, scientists can map the variation for each frequency and compare it with the spectral components of known elements to accurately surmise the composition of a given solution.